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394                                            PABGAKA
Shaikhan and Toli KMdim-i-dargaL   The Fort, of which incidental mention
has been already made, is of great extent, covering 31 bighas of land. It was
rebuilt about the year 1740 by Thakur Devi Singh, an officer in the service
of the Bharat-pur Bj:i. It is now all in'ruins, but its crumbling bastions
command a fine view of the extensive lake that spreads for miles beneath it.
Within its enclosure is the old tahsili, built in 1826, now converted into a
police-station, and a lofty tower erected in 1836 for the purposes of the Trigo-
nometrical Survey ; ascent is impossible, as the ladder in the lower story was
deslroyed in the mutiny and has not been replaced.
Outside the town is a Muhammadan malcbara or tomb, called the dargah
of Makhdum Sahib SMh Hasan Ghori, traditionally ascribed to a Dor Baja
of Kol who flourished some 300 years ago. This is not in itself impro-
bable, for about that time all the Aligarh Dors became converts to Islam.*
The buildings are now in a dilapidated condition, but include a covered
colonnade of 20 pillars wMcE has been constructed out of the wreck of a
Hindu or Buddhist temple. Each shaft is a single piece of stone 5J feet
long, and is surmounted by a capital, which adds an additional foot to the
height. The latter are sculptured with grotesques, of which the one most
frequently repeated represents a s^uat four-armed monster, who, with his feef
said one pair of hands raised above his head, supports, as it were, the weight of
the architrave. The shafts, though almost absolutely plain, are characteristic
specimens of an eccentricity of Hindu architecture, {See page 275.) Several
other columns have been built up into the roof 5 one carved in low relief with
several groups of figures, parted from one another by bands of the pattern
known as the * Buddhist railing/ has been taken out and transported to
Maihuri. The statues which adorned the temple have probably been buried under
ground; but no excavations can be made, as the place is used for Muhammadan
* When Kol was finally reduced by tbe MBb&mmadaaB in the reign of Nasir-od-din Mahmud
(UM6-1S65), it was lander a Dor Baja, and the tower, which was wantonly destroyed by the local
authorities in i860, i supposed to hare been erected 662A.H, (1*74 A.D.) on the site of the
principal temple of the oid city. Among the Hindus, howerer, the tradition is somewhat differ-
ent ; tbey ascribe it to the Dor Raja, Mangal Sen, who gave his daughter Padmavati in marriage
$o the heir at Eaja Bhim of Mahr&ra and Etawa, who soon after MB accession was murdered by
Ms ycwager brothers, The widow then retired to Kol, where her father built the tower for her.
At Noh-khera in the lalesar pargana there is a local tradition of a Kaja Bhim, and possibly th
aiwrettay be the person intended. The father of Manga! Sen was Buddh Sen, who transfer-
red M capital from J*ttli to Kol. He was the soa of Bijay Earn (brother of Dasarath Sinh, who
taSlt the fort fc Jatesasr), the son of Nahar Sinh, who built the Sambhal fort, the son of Gobial
fiosfa, the m of Makimd Sen, the son of Vikr&ma Sen, of Baian, now called Bulandahahr,